The name of the cathedral comes from Greek word “sofia”, which means “wisdom”.
By the legend the cathedral was built right in the place where Yaroslav Mudriy gained a victory over heathen pechenegs. The cathedral has been constructing for more than 10 years by Old Russian and Byzantine art masters.
The most unique things you will find inside Sophia Cathedral as it is almost totally untouch in side from 11 century! For sure this is must see in your things to see in Kiev!
The cathedral became spiritual, political, and cultural center of Kiev Rus state. From its founding in the 11th century, St. Sophia Cathedral has been the Kyiv Metropolitan’s residence.
In that time Kievan Rus was one of the largest civilized countries in Europe — it had wide trade and diplomatic connections with countries of West and East, and many kings of European countries considered it an honor to become related with Grand Duke of Kiev.
In 1707 St. Sofia Cathedral was rebuilt in the style of Ukrainian baroque and topped with typical pear-shaped cupolas.
The bell tower was built in 1699-1707. Now it is a four-level building of blue color with white mouldings.
Nowadays the building of the cathedral combines constructions of the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. In the temple erection in different times participated such architects as Shedel, Sparro, Zaborovsky and others.
You may visit St Sophia Cathedral during Kiev history tour.